نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه قرآن و حدیث پردیس تهران
2 استادیار، دانشگاه قرآن و حدیث پردیس قم، ایران
3 استادیار، گروه علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد شمال، ایران
4 . استادیار، گروه آموزشی علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study is to study the principles and methods of teaching monotheism in the teachings of the Holy Quran and the ( Ahl al-Bayt (as). Teaching monotheistic concepts is of great value due to the importance of the subject and its profound impact on human life .We have studied this issue in the Holy Quran and the teachings of the Infallibles (peace be upon them) and we have achieved principles and methods in this regard. This research has been done with a qualitative approach and by using the method of library data collection in data collection and analytical-inferential method in data analysis. Among the principles that have been considered in the doctrine of monotheism, the principle of central monotheism, human dignity, audience, dealing with the interior, maintaining the appearance, motivation are among the principles that can be seen in the teachings of Islam. These principles can be offered by the method of questioning, rewarding, paying attention to non-cognitive factors, needs assessment, symmetry, and arranging and categorizing educational contentMonotheism is the basis of the invitation of all divine prophets and the end of every human path. Knowledge and faith in the one God transforms the whole human being and gives meaning to human life. This statement of Amir al-Mu'minin (as) who says: "The first religion is knowledge" (Nahj al-Balaghah / Sermon 1), that the beginning of the religion is knowledge and knowledge of God, shows the importance of this matter.Therefore, considering the position of theism and the effect it has on human destiny and happiness, addressing this issue is important for the whole life of a human being. PBUH is in line with the realization of monotheism in human society. Based on this, we have referred to the texts and teachings of Islam and we have extracted these principles and methods.According to Marshall and Rasman, there are four types of data collection methods: participatory observation, direct observation, in-depth interview, and document review (Marshall and Rasman, 2016: 139). The method of data collection in this study is one of the four main methods mentioned in the study of documentsExperts consider this method to be the most comprehensive method because it is a kind of analytical strategy and more objective than other qualitative methods. Therefore, the documents in this study are examined. In order to have a deep understanding of the issue, this study has carefully studied the documents and documents including the Qur'an and authentic hadiths and books and scientific articles related to the subject and has examined the principles and methods of teaching monotheism.. Due to the genesis of the present research design and the fact that in the extraction and analysis of research data, the method of continuous data comparison is used, the approach used in data analysis in this research, citing the views of Strauss and Corbin It is a descriptive-interpretive approach. The present study is a qualitative research based on Creswell's view. Explaining the qualitative research design, Creswell (1995) believes that how data collection, analysis, and reporting methods are effective in determining the research design. Therefore, the present study falls into the paradigm of qualitative research.Due to the nature of the subject of the present study, the research design is non-natural. The method of building trust in this research is the audit path method during which the researcher has recorded the steps he has taken in the research and provided them to the readers.
The Holy Quran and the Infallibles (peace be upon them), according to their accurate and conscious anthropology, are the best source for knowing man and how to teach him in the field of beliefs. In the field of teaching monotheism and theism, numerous and effective principles and methods have been left for human beings that the discovery and extraction of these principles and methods will enable us to provide the right context in this field.
In all the words and deeds of monotheism, the central pillar is the pillar of religious deeds and duties, and this principle is present in all human deeds. Paying attention to human dignity is one of the principles of religious education and especially monotheism in the lives of the infallibles and the Holy Quran. Motivating the audience to better understand monotheistic issues is another principle of religious teachings in this field. Audience is one of the principles governing the teachings of the Holy Quran and the Ahl al-Bayt (as). Needs assessment and recognizing the sensitivity of the audience are among the most important factors in giving an answer in this field.. In this regard, they have presented various methods, including proving God, paying attention to some non-epistemic factors, rewarding, questioning the audience, informing the audience of the amount of abilities and blessings that God has given him, and These methods include human dignity in existence, punctuation, and organizing and categorizing educational content.One of the tenets of Islam is theism, which is superior to the knowledge of God and theology. In the stage of cognition, one acquires only one religious teaching, but in the stage of belief, one reaches the high level of cognition, which is certainty. Theism is of fundamental importance as the principle of belief on which other principles are formed. For this reason, in the Holy Quran and the hadiths of the( Ahl al-Bayt (as), more attention has been paid to this basic principle.In the Holy Quran, the word of God is mentioned about 2700 times with additions. This is while the word Lord has been mentioned 973 times and other divine names and attributes in the Qur'an many times. This shows the importance of this fundamental principle in Islam. In the narrations of the Infallibles (peace be upon them) there is also an important chapter of the narrations in the field of monotheism, theism and theology and the denial of polytheism, atheism and heretics. Only the book of ( Al-Tawhid by Sheikh Saduq consisting of 583 hadiths (Khorami, 2004) has been written in various monotheistic chapters and nearly five hundred pages in this field.