عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, in our country, like other countries in support, the use of the benefits of information networks to learn in universities and schools is expanding that distant education is considered a distant factor that takes learning opportunities for everyone and wherever and at any time. Provides. The use of modern intelligence technologies and communication in the field of virtual education can be one of the options for filling out educational gaps in the absence of access to education. Virtual education has transformed the field of education, using network technology and has used network technologies to create, breed, transfer and facilitate learning at any time and place (Sharif Moghadam and Malekian individual, 1396). Online teaching has many positive and negative effects in teaching and learning, so the challenges of teaching and learning should be examined to determine what influences (positive) influential and negative (negative) are not effective. The present is seeking to examine it Life experiences of postgraduate students in Kurdistan University in relation to teaching online. For this purpose, all experiences of participants have been evaluated and evaluated from this virtual period. This research will be done with a qualitative approach and a theory of the theory. Grounded method Theory is a qualitative research method used to identify the infrastructure of the phenomenon of the study. (Frostakh, 1395, p. 95). The present study was conducted on the basis of the systematic GTM system of Strauss and Corbin (1998). In this researcher, the researcher should take a specific method and fan for analysis and implement stage coding in the open, axial and selection process and in the form of a Provide the final paradigm pattern. (Frostakh, 1395, p. 95). The research field included all Kurdistan university students in the academic year of 1399-1400, which has been held in virtual university systems in terms of epidemic of Corona virus. The sample has participated in the non-probability and in theoretical form of 55 in research. The interview is the most general method of collecting information in qualitative research. In this research, researchers have used semi-structured interviews tailored to the research objectives and the questions. In this research, analyzing and coding the text of interviews in the open, axial and selective process to provide a paradigm model. The results of this study showed that the students' challenges in five main categories include categorical interactions, class management, control and evaluation, communication infrastructure and environmental parasites. Finally, the main research model is based on the data obtained from the research and system model of the foundation data theory. The research data were collected from students at the university level and divided by colleges, at each section of all tried researchers to discuss students' experiences of teaching challenges in cyberspace and their views in the form of this research Be submitted.
The results of the research are categorized in the form of five main concepts involving non-interactions of students and faculty members, class management problems, control and evaluation, infrastructure and environmental parasites. The concept of lack of interaction consists of five axial code and 31 open source. Problems and challenges of professors in the classroom discussion are also the result of 6 axial code 34, each of which has been addressed and part of the discussion of the professor's classroom. The discussion of control and evaluation was also one of the most important and influential issues related to education and teaching in cyberspace from the students' point of view, the concept was also the result of the output of 30 open source and 5 axial code. The concept of infrastructure problems, as well as another major challenging topics, are in the desired table, the problems of infrastructure, as well as its own options, and 7 axial code, and ultimately the concept of environmental problems or environmental parasites is another case and general challenges of students. It has been in the desired table. This concept is also the result of 17 open source and 6 axial code, each of which is part of this concept. In the present study, the results showed that these challenges are categorized in five main categories. It is natural that each of these cases is composed of concepts with different characteristics. The first challenge, which in the advertisement of 30 participants in the research, is the issue of not reducing the interaction in teaching and teaching cyberspace. Cases such as face-to-face communication and reduce team and group activities are an important issue for teaching in this space. The essence of their virtual training has been struggling with individual learning and reducing team communication, if there are certain and regular thoughts to increase the interactions of individuals in this space, naturally, many problems in this area will be created. The viewpoints of all theorists and researchers in this area, such as Dursun (2006) Gürsul (2010) çalõkan (2002) Aydõn (2001), the success of virtual training is due to the interactions and participation of students. An indifference towards student participation in the process of passing in their passivity in training and focuses on training and only the professors in the direction of activation. Managing virtual classes, as well as useful management of this period, is one of the most important issues, as well as the proper time to classes, as well as the preparation and compilation of proper content with this period so much. The content of this course is very different from other courses. Virtual systems are typically more dependent on the lesson plan and the optimal electronic content, if the content is weak, the quality of this period will be very impressed. The teaching method of instructors and most importantly, in this way, in this way, there are many qualitative and qualitative effects in the training process. Among all those cases as the challenge of students and had a lot of influence, the issue of evaluation was valuable and important. Among most perspectives to evaluate the instructors at the end of the course with many problems. One of the most important things that has been. The discussion of some students in the test has been in the test, and especially the end test tests. The fundamental problem that may be common among all the students of the country and the university of Kurdistan. The discussion of the infrastructure required for virtual education. Restrictions on Internet access, inappropriate digital tools and supervision of professors and students are all and all fixed problems that are seen in many forms in most articles and writings of virtual training. The challenges present in most cases along with similar cases with differences in other higher education centers are always raised. It is desirable that this kind of training has provided many desirable opportunities and opportunities that the University of Kurdistan himself with successful efforts in the last year has been successful in education in this area, which other researchers can investigate in this field. To do.
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