عنوان مقاله [English]
The main goal of this research is to investigate the factors affecting the quality of virtual education, which can play an effective role in the academic progress of students, as well as, the growth and development of the country. Considering this importance, the present research was conducted with the aim of investigating the role of electronic management of human resources on the quality of virtual education in schools with the mediation role of teachers' professional teaching ethics.
One of the most important, effective and broadest social organizations that is responsible for selecting and transferring cultural and scientific elements to the new generation of society is the education organization in each country. In order to fulfill its role in the society, like other organizations, education has to utilize electronic technology. Electronic technologies as a phenomenon of the present era have been able to provide valuable services to humans and affect all aspects of life. The use of this technology in all organizations, including education, has been able to accelerate activities and increase employee productivity (Heydari & Marzooqi, 2017). On the other hand, the corona epidemic in 2020 spread all over the world and affected individuals regardless of their nationality, education, income, gender, social, economic and political status and put pressure on governments to prevent the spread of the disease. Education was not an exception to this rule, and the basic question was how to continue education? (Callaway et al., 2020). Schleicher, (2020) stated that we can reduce the impact of the corona pandemic on students, parents and teachers by changing the shape of education and curricula through online education, digital learning platforms and e-learning. Virtual education is a kind of education in which learning and teaching process is not done physically and is done through computer platforms, software and hardware (Anas, 2020).
Orhan, & Beyhan (2020) state that to increase the quality of virtual education, the following should be taken into consideration: the goals and content of educational programs, educational strategies, learners' responsibilities during the learning process, appropriate technology to provide knowledge and programs strategic questions, as well as, answers to these strategic questions: "To whom, what, why and when should provide the content?" This requires cooperation and coordination between teachers, students and administrators of educational institutions. Human resource management plays a vital role in the organizational improvement and economic development of countries (Shakeel & et al. 2020). The closure of educational centers due to covid-19 and online education caused problems in the organization and management of human resources working in educational organization. Recruitment of human resources, teacher training, teacher evaluation, compensation system and in general human resource management was no longer possible in the traditional and face-to-face manner. The solution to this problem was the use of electronic human resources management. Electronic human resource management is a type of organizational strategy to help employee behavior alignment with strategic choices and using flexible and integrated technologies (Iqbal & et al. 2018). The advantages of electronic human resource management for the organization include reducing the work of human resource management, improving efficiency, standardizing human resources, saving the number of employees in large companies (Parry, 2011). It reduces the possibility of more efficient management of information errors, and also improves the tracking and control of human resource actions (Bondarouk, 2009), and finally improves the standardization of the management process (Parry & Tyson, 2011).
Due to the fact that the individuals trained in the educational centers of the society become the education custodians of the next generations (Kekha & Imanipour, 2020), in recent decades, the emphasis on moral aspects in education and moral accountability has increased. E-learning has many advantages, but at the same time, it has increased the chance of unethical behavior in teaching-learning models and has faced new challenges to ethics (Talib & Mahasneh, 2020). The free flow of communication in virtual education and the emergence of unethical behaviors require a very urgent action to adopt ethical behaviors (Alikhani & et al. 2021). Professional or organizational ethics include patterns that guide the behavior of employees and show the ethical characteristics of any organization (Saeidi 7 et al. 2021). Ethics in teaching is a branch of ethics in education that specifies the professional responsibilities of a teacher in teaching and learning. In fact, teaching, as a strong and important part of the education process, requires skill in implementing appropriate methods and specific ethical considerations of the teaching profession (Moradi Doliskani & Mohammadi Mehr, 2020).
According to the theoretical foundations of the research literature, it seems that the electronic management of human resources and the professional ethics of teaching are effective factors on the quality of virtual education in schools. Considering this importance, the purpose of this research is to investigate the role of electronic management of human resources on the quality of virtual education through the mediating role of professional teaching ethics.
The research method is a quantitative type of correlation studies and a covariance-oriented structural equation modeling approach. The research community is all secondary school teachers in Hamadan province. A sample of 316 teachers was selected from this population by stratified random sampling based on the three regions of education (Low, Middle and High Income). In order to collect data, the questionnaires of electronic management of human resources, professional ethics of teaching and the researcher-made questionnaire of virtual education quality of schools were used. In order to analyze the data, structural equation modeling was used through Lisrel 10.30 software. The results of the research showed that the electronic management of human resources of schools has a direct, positive and significant effect on the quality of virtual education and the professional ethics of teaching at the level of 0.05. The electronic management of human resources of schools has an indirect, positive and significant effect on the quality of virtual education of schools through the professional teaching ethics of teachers. Therefore, in order to increase the quality of virtual education and teaching, serious attention should be paid to the use of electronic management of human resources in education and the professional ethics of teachers.