تحلیل و شناسایی مؤلفه‌های کلیدی تدریس نوآورانه: ( تدریس نوآورانه اساتید در حوزه آموزش عالی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران

2 استادیار رشته برنامه ریزی درسی گروه علوم تربیتی دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی تهران

3 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی درسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر شناسایی مؤلفه­های کلیدی تدریس نوآورانه در میان اساتید حوزه آموزش عالی است. روش پژوهش حاضر کیفی از نوع گرندد تئوری بود.
روش: روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند بود که در آن اساتیدی که شرایط نمونه موردنظر را داشتند با استفاده از مصاحبه نیمه­ساختارمند و اکتشافی مورد مصاحبه قرار گرفتند و با رسیدن به اشباع نظری یافته‌ها تعداد نمونه­های پژوهش به هفت نفر رسید. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌های حاصل از مصاحبه‌ از روش‌های سه مرحله­ای کدگذاری (باز، محوری و انتخابی) استراس و کوربین (1992) استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل داده­ها نشان داد مؤلفه­های تدریس نوآورانه عبارتند از: پیوند دانش و تجربه، یادگیرنده بودن، جهان­بینی، توانایی آفرینندگی، طرح مسئله، تعامل هوشمندانه، منش حرفه­ای و یادگیری معنی­دار. همچنین یافته­ها بیانگر این بود که تدریس نوآورانه لزوماً توأم با نوآوری، ابداع و انجام کاری غیرمتعارف نیست و توانایی آفرینندگی که ناشی از بعد خلاقیت تدریس نوآورانه است، تنها یکی از ویژگی‌های استاد نوآور و تدریس نوآورانه است نه همه آن؛ و مهم‌ترین مؤلفه در تدریس نوآورانه که سایر مؤلفه­ها حول محور آن می­چرخند پیوند میان دانش و تجربه در عمل است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis and Identification of Key Elements of Innovative Teaching: (Innovative Teaching of Professors in Higher Education)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahboobeh Khosravi 2
  • Saber Abdolmaleki 3
2 faculty
3 Tehran
Abdoli, A., Pourshafi, H., and Zeinuddin Meymand, F. (2017). Investigating the Quality of Teacher Education in Higher Education: The Need for Interactive Teaching (Case Study: Undergraduate Students of South Khorasan University of Applied Science and Technology). Journal of Social Cultural Studies of Khorasan, 11 (3), 47-76. (Persian)

Amari, E. (2013). »ICT and the Role of Educational Innovation in Teaching Chemistry«. Eighth Iranian Seminar on Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Semnan University. (Persian)

Amin Khandaghi, M., and Saifi, G. A. (2013). Effective capabilities and skills needed for college teaching. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education. 19 (3):121-147. (Persian)

Asadi, M., and Gholami, Kh. (2015). Synthesis of research on the model of effective teaching in higher education. Scientific Journal Management System, 5 (9), 113-144. (Persian)

Bazargan, A. (2015). Introduction to Qualitative and Mixed Research: Different Approaches to Behavioral Sciences, Didar Publishing. (Persian)

Borisova, O. V., Vasbieva, D. G., Malykh, N. I., Vasnev, S. A., and Bírová, J. (2016). Problem of Using Innovative Teaching Methods for Distance Learning Students. IEJME — Mathematics Education, 11(5), 1175-1184.

Brouwer, N., & Korthagen, F. (2005). Can teacher education make a difference?. American educational research journal, 42(1), 153-224.

Craft, A. (2003). The limits to creativity in education: Dilemmas for the educator. British Journal of Educational Studies, 51(2), 113–127.

Damodharan, V. S., and Rengarajan, V. (2007). Innovative methods of teaching. In Learning Technologies and Mathematics Middle East Conference, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.

Dee Fink, L. (2013). Chapter four: Designing significant learning experiences II: Shaping the learning experienceCreating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing collage courses.

Dill, D., & van Vught, F. (2010). National Innovation and the Academic Research Enterprise: Public Policy in Global Perspective, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Educational Research Journal, 42(1), 153–224.

Ferrari, A., Cachia, R., and Punie, Y. (2009). Innovation and creativity in education and training in the EU member states: Fostering creative learning and supporting innovative teaching. JRC Technical Note, 52374, 64.

Fink, L. D. (2013). Creating Significant Learning Experiences: An Integrated Approach to Designing College Courses. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

Fung, D. (2017). A connected curriculum for higher education. London: UCL Press.

Ganyaupfu, E. (2013). Teaching Methods and Students' Academic Performace. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 2(9), 29-32.

Iraqeyan mojarad, f., Joyibari ., and Sannago, A. (2017). Critical Appraisal Of The Quality Of Grounded Theory Studies . Nursing Developement in Health. 3. ; 8 (1):37-45. (Persian)

Jayashree, R .(2017).A Study on Innovative Teaching Learning Methods for Undergraduate Students.International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention(IJHSSI), 6 (11),32-34.

Jeffrey, B., and Craft, A. (2006). Creative learning and possibilitythinking. In B. Jeffrey (Ed.), Creative learning practices (pp.47–62). London: Tufnell Press.

Kalyani,D., and Rajasekaran.K . (2018).Innovative teaching and learning.Journal of Applied and Advanced Research. 3(Suppl. 1) S23,S25.

Khadivi, A., Seyyed Kalan, S., Hossein Pour, T., Ahmadi, H., and Tareh Bari, H. (2018). Affecting Factors on Teaching and Education Quality in Farhangian University (Case Study: College of Ardabil). Journal of Instruction and Evaluation, 11(42), 161-185.(Persian)

Khairnar,.C.M. (2015).Advance Pedagogy: Innovative Methods of Teaching and Learning .International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 5(11):869-872.(Persian)

Khosravi Pour, B., Taghi Beigi, M., Rafi, M., & Zalali, N.(2016). Factors Affecting Teaching Quality From The Perspective of Ramin Agriculture University Khuzestan, IranJournal of Agricultural Education Administration Research, 8(36), 90-105. (Persian)

Kwek, D. (2011).»Innovation in the classroom: Design thinking for 21st century learning« (Master's Thesis). Stanford University.

Lin, C. D. (2009). Researches into Creative Talents and Creative Education. Economic Science.

Mansoori, S., Karami, M., and Abedini, M. (2013). Investigating the Use of Constructivism-Based Teaching Method in Higher Education: A Case Study of Social Sciences Department at Mazandaran University. Journal of Curriculum Research, 2(2), 101-118. (Persian)

Mir Arab Razi, R., Haji Tabar, M., & Jafari, F. (2018). Comparison of effective teaching components of faculty members and invited teachers from the perspective of Mazandaran University students. Journal of Teaching Research, 6 (3), 206-217. (Persian)

Nicolaides,. A. (2012).Innovative teaching and learning methodologies for higher education Institutions. Educational Research. International Research Journals, 3(8) pp. 620-626.

NikoL,. P., and Rummle,. M. (2013). Innovative Teaching & Learning Projects in Engineering Education: Didactic Approaches for first-year Students. 41st SEFI Conference, 16-20 September, Leuven, Belgium.

Rasal,M., and Suryawanshi,M. (2015).To Study the Various Innovative Methods of Teaching for Under Graduate Level. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR),6(8),1966-1971.

Rezaei, S. (2018). Designing a Revenue Model for Iranian Football Clubs: With Grounded Theory Approach. Applied Research of Sport Management, 6(23), 101-116. (Persian)

Rosa, M. J., and Amaral, A. (2014). Quality assurance and higher education.Contemporary debates. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan. Teachers: a Mixed-Methods Research. Asia Pacific Education Review, 15 (2), 299-311.

Salehizadeh, M., Ghorchian, N.Gh., Mohammad Davoodi, A.H., & Qalavandi, H. (2019). Providing a model to improve the quality of professional teaching of Farhangian University professors. Journal of Teaching Research, 7 (2), 227-249. (Persian)

Seymar.l (2007). The Contents of Religious Education، Proquest Religion: New York: Free Press.

Strauss, A., and Corbin, J. (2011). Basics of qualitative research Grounded Theory (procedures and techniques).Translated by Buick Mohammadi, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Third Edition. (Persian)

Taghi Bighi, M., Khosravi Pour, B., Rafe, M., and Zalali, N. (2016). Factors Affecting Teaching Quality From The Perspective of Ramin Agriculture University Khuzestan, Iran. Journal of Agricultural Education Administration Research, 8(36), 90-105. (Persian)

Torkzadeh, J., Mohammadi, M., & Sutoodehfar, S. (2015). Developing and Validating of the Teaching-Learning Comprehensive System in Higher Education. Journal of Curriculum Research, 4(2), 93-116. (Persian)

Zamani, A. (2017). Qualitative Analysis of Principles of Documenting the Organizational Experiences of University Directors. jiera, 10(35), 201-228. (Persian)

Zhu, C. (2013). How innovative are schools in teaching and learning? A case study in Beijing and Hong Kong. The Asia PacificEducation Researcher, 22(2), 137–145.

Zhu, C., & Wang, D. (2014). Key competencies and characteristics for innovative teaching among secondary school teachers: a mixed-methods research. Asia Pacific Education Review, 15(2), 299-311.

.