بررسی اصول طراحی راهبردهای ارزشیابی مطلوب در میان دانش آموزان استعداد درخشان شهر اصفهان: یک مطالعه ترکیبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته دکتری برنامه درسی دانشگاه هرمزگان ، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه هرمزگان؛ ایران

3 دانشیار دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی راهبردهای ارزشیابی مطلوب در زمینه آموزش دانش­آموزان استعداد درخشان در مقطع متوسطه دوم است. این پژوهش از نوع تحقیقات آمیخته اکتشافی است. جامعه تحقیق شامل کلیه دانش­آموزان و معلمین استعداد درخشان شهر اصفهان است.
روش: روش نمونه­گیری در بخش کیفی به‌صورت موارد نوعی و در بخش کمی به‌صورت تصادفی ساده است. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها در بخش کیفی مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختار یافته و در بخش کمی پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته استخراج شده از مصاحبه­ها است. روایی در بخش کیفی به روش چک کردن اعضا و در بخش کمی روایی و پایایی به­وسیله روایی محتوایی، تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و آلفای کرانباخ بررسی و تأیید شده است. برای تحلیل داده‌ها در بخش کیفی از روش تماتیک و در بخش کمی از آمار توصیفی و آزمون t تک‌گروهی استفاده شده است.
یافته‌ها: نتایج بخش کیفی بیانگر این بود که اصول طراحی راهبردهای ارزشیابی مطلوب عبارتند از استفاده از آزمون­های مستمر و آزمون­های نهایی، ارزشیابی کاربردی، ارزشیابی پروژه‌ای، تأکید بر خلاقیت، اصول فنی­آزمون­سازی و توجه به یادگیری عمیق. در بخش کمی نتایج بررسی این مؤلفه­ها بیان‌کننده این بوده که تمامی مؤلفه­ها به غیر از آزمون نهایی دارای میانگین بالاتر از میانه بودند و نمونه مورد بررسی معتقد به استفاده از این اصول در ارزشیابی­های خود بودند.

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