تجارب زیسته معلمان دوره ابتدایی از ذهن‌آگاهی حین تدریس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی مؤسسه آموزش عالی فاطمیه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد تحقیقات آموزشی، دانشگاه پیام نور شیراز، شیراز، ایران

5 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزآباد، فیروزآباد، ایران

چکیده

معلمان رکن اساسی در فرایند یاددهی- یادگیری هستند، لذا از تجربیات زیستة آنها می‌توان اطلاعات مفید و گران‌بهایی استخراج کرد. هدف اصلی از انجام پژوهش حاضر، فهم تجربه زیسته معلمان دوره ابتدایی از ذهن‌آگاهی بود. این پژوهش کیفی با استفاده از روش پدیدارشناسی اجرا شد. روش گردآوری اطلاعات استفاده از مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختمند بود. بر این اساس، از بین معلمان دورة ابتدایی 19 نفر بر اساس معیارهای ورود به پژوهش انتخاب شدند. تحلیل مصاحبه‌ها، با استفاده از الگوی کلایزی و روش تحلیل مضمون انجام شد. پس از استخراج موضوعی و طبقه‌بندی آن‌ها، یافته‌ها در سه مقولة اصلی؛ "مدیریت مؤثر کلاس درس"، "بهبود فرآیند یاددهی- یادگیری" و "ارتقاء سلامت روانی دانش‌آموزان " و 12 مقولة فرعی طبقه‌بندی شدند. بررسی تجارب معلمان دوره ابتدایی نشان داد که معلمان با مداخلات مبتنی بر ذهن‌آگاهی و پیاده‌سازی در کلاس درس، علاوه بر اینکه از استرس کاری خود و فرسودگی شغلی‌شان می‌کاهند، بر پیشرفت تحصیلی و یادگیری دانش‌آموزان نیز اثر داشته‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Experiences of Elementary Teachers of Mindfulness During Teaching

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Mohammadi 1
  • Reza Naseri 2
  • Zainab Mokhtari 3
  • Zahra Hesampoor 4
  • Rahil Naseri 5
1 Associate Professor, Department of Management and Educational Planning, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Fatemieh Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran
3 PhD student in Educational Management, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
4 Master student of educational research, Payame Noor University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran
5 Master of General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad Branch, Firoozabad, Iran

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • lived experience
  • mindfulness
  • quality of teaching
  • classroom
  • classroom management
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