ساخت و آزمون نرم افزار هندسۀ پویا مبتنی بر مهارتهای فضایی و مقایسۀ اثربخشی آن با اُریگامی بر تجسم فضایی و یادگیری درس ریاضی دانش آموزان پایۀ ششم ابتدایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران؛

2 دانشیار روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران؛

3 استاد روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران؛

4 دانشیار روانشناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف ساخت و آزمون نرم‌افزار هندسۀ پویا مبتنی بر مهارت‌های فضایی و مقایسۀ اثربخشی آن با اُریگامی بر تجسم فضایی و یادگیری درس ریاضی دانش‌آموزان انجام شد.
روش: پژوهش از نوع نیمه‌آزمایشی با پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون روی دو گروه آزمایش و یک گروه کنترل است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش عبارت بود از کلیۀ دانش‌آموزان دختر پایۀ ششم ابتدایی شهرستان روهن که در سال تحصیلی 96-1395 مشغول به‌تحصیل بودند. نمونۀ پژوهش شامل کلیۀ دانش‌آموزان حاضر در دو کلاس درس بود که به‌صورت تصادفی خوشه‌ای انتخاب شدند. سپس، 35 دانش‌آموز به‌عنوان گروه آزمایش اُریگامی، 35 نفر به‌عنوان گروه آزمایش نرم‌افزار هندسۀ پویا و 35 نفر به‌عنوان گروه کنترل انتخاب شدند. گروه‌های آزمایش به مدت دوازده جلسۀ 40 دقیقه‌ای تحت آموزش ریاضی به‌کمک اُریگامی و نرم‌افزار هندسۀ پویا قرار گرفتند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها شامل الف) آزمون تجسم فضایی مینه‌سوتا، و ب) آزمون پیشرفت تحصیلی محقق‌ساخته بود. برای آزمون فرضیه‌ها از آزمون t وابسته و مانوا استفاده شد.
یافتهها: تحلیل آماری داده‌ها نشان داد که نرم‌افزار هندسۀ پویا مبتنی بر مهارت‌های فضایی و اُریگامی بر تجسم فضایی و یادگیری درس ریاضیات دانش‌آموزان اثر دارند. میانگین نمرات پس‌آزمون نرم‌افزار هندسۀ پویا و پس‌آزمون اُریگامی تفاوت معنی‌داری با پیش‌آزمون آنها داشتند. از این یافته‌ها می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که آموزش ریاضیات به‌کمک نرم‌افزار هندسۀ و اُریگامی قادر است تجسم فضایی و یادگیری درس ریاضیات دانش‌آموزان را بهبود ببخشد.

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