ارزیابی جو سازمانی دانشگاه، کیفیت تجارب یادگیری و فرسودگی تحصیلی دانشجویان (برگزیدگان نخبه آزمون‌های سراسری و المپیاد سازمان سنجش آموزش کشور)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه آموزش عالی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی؛ تهران ، ابران

2 استادیار مرکز تحقیقات، ارزشیابی، اعتبارسنجی و تضمین کیفیت آموزش عالی سازمان سنجش آموزش کشور؛ تهران، ایران

3 کارشناس امور پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات، ارزشیابی، اعتبارسنجی و تضمین کیفیت آموزش عالی سازمان سنجش آموزش کشور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از این مطالعه ارزیابی جو سازمانی دانشگاه، کیفیت تجارب یادگیری و فرسودگی تحصیلی برگزیدگان نخبه آزمون­های سراسری و المپیاد سازمان سنجش آموزش کشور بود.
روش: پژوهش از جهت هدف، از نوع کاربردی و از جنبه گردآوری داده­ ها، توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل برگزیدگان نخبه­ آزمون­های سراسری و برگزیدگان نخبه­ المپیادی سال­های 1391و 1392 که تعداد آن برابر با 10504 نفر بودند که از بین آنها 371 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه­ گیری تصادفی طبقه ­ای به‌عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. جهت گردآوری داده ­ها از پرسشنامه­ های استاندارد شده کیفیت تجارب یادگیری، فرسودگی تحصیلی و پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته جو سازمانی استفاده شد که روایی محتوایی پرسشنامه­ ها توسط متخصصان تأیید و پایایی آن نیز براساس روش آلفای کرونباخ برای پرسشنامه کیفیت تجارب یادگیری 86/0، برای پرسشنامه فرسودگی تحصیلی 86/0، و برای پرسشنامه جو سازمانی 93/0 برآورد شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌های پژوهش از آزمونt-test ، تحلیل واریانس یکراهه و t برای دو گروه مستقل استفاده شد.
یافته­ ها: یافته­ های پژوهش حاکی از آن است وضعیت متغیرهای کیفیت تجارب یادگیری، فرسودگی تحصیلی و  جو سازمانی از وضعیت مطلوبی برخوردار هستند.

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