تحولات نوپدید در فرهنگ دانشگاه و فضای کلاس و تأثیر آن بر تدریس؛ تأملی در نسل‌های پنچ گانۀ دانشجو و استاد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار مؤسسه پژوهش و برنامه ریزی آموزش عالی، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از این مطالعه، فهم دانشگاه به مثابه فضای اجتماعی است که روابط نسلی به‌صورت درون نسل‌‌ها و میان نسل‌‌ها در آن جریان می‌یابد و مدیریت، برنامه‌ریزی، یاددهی – یادگیری و تحقیق وخدمات تخصصی در آن را تحت تأثیر شدید خود قرار می‌دهد.
روش: روش مطالعه فراتحلیل کیفی و روش تحلیل است و تحلیل محتوای کیفی با استفاده از چک لیست به‌کار رفته است. قلمرو تحقیق اعضای هیأت علمی‌و دانشجویان دانشگاه‌ها در سال 95-94 است.
یافته‌ها: مشخصات پنج نسل ایرانی به‌صورت سیستماتیک و متناظر با پنج نسل دنیای معاصر توصیف شده است. 1. نسل اول: نسل کهنه سربازان / در ایران: نسل مشروطه؛ 2.نسل دوم: نسل بومر/ نسل ناسیونالیسم ایرانی؛ 3. نسل سوم: نسل X/ نسل نوسازی ؛ 4. نسل چهارم: نسل y یا هزاره / نسل انقلاب اسلامی‌؛ 5. نسل پنجم: نسل Z یا نت/ نسل پسا انقلاب. فاصله نسلی میان استاد و دانشجو عمدتاً در دوره‌های کارشناسی و دکتری حرفه‌ای علوم پزشکی مشاهده می‌شود. بورکراسی زدایی و تمرکز زدایی، امکان توسعه فضاهای اقتضایی دانشگاه را فراهم می‌آورد که شبکه‌ای خود تنظیم هستند و نه سلسله مراتبی. 

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