تدوین و اعتبار یابی الگوی طراحی آموزشی مبتنی بر گفت‌وشنود

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تکنولوژی اموزشی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران ، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی ،تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار داتنشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

4 استاد دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

5 استادیار دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: گفت‌وشنود عمیق‌ترین روش ارتباطی است که منجر درک و فهم مشترک و یادگیری می‌شود. رویکردهای یادگیری سازنده‌گرایی و ارتباط‌گرایی سهم عمده­ای در توجه به گفت‌وشنود به‌عنوان یک شیوه ارتباطی و آموزشی داشته­اند. هدف این پژوهش تدوین و اعتباریابی الگوی طراحی آموزشی مبتنی بر گفت‌وشنود است.
روش: روش پژوهش نظریه زمینه‌ای یا نظریه برخاسته از داده‌هاست. جامعة آماری پژوهش شامل اسناد و مدارکی که از 1980 تا 2016 در زمینه گفت‌وشنود در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی منتشر شده است. که از 183 منبع اعم از مقاله، کتاب و پایان‌نامه 74 منبع به شیوة نمونه‌گیری نظری به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده به شیوه تحلیل تماتیک به‌منظور استخراج مؤلفه‌های اصلی الگوی طراحی آموزشی مبتنی بر گفت‌وشنود صورت گرفت.
یافته‌ها: بنابر یافته‌ها الگوی طراحی آموزشی مبتنی بر گفت‌وشنود شامل چهار چهار مؤلفه اصلی 1- حلقه‌های گفت وشنود 2- محتوا/ زمینه 2- هدف 3- ارزشیابی است. اعتبار یابی الگو توسط 15 نفر از اساتید و افراد صاحب‌نظر در زمینه طراحی آموزشی در دو مرحله از طریق اخذ و اعمال نظرات آن‌ها صورت گرفت.

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