مطالعه تفاوت انگیزش شغلی، سبکهای مدیریت کلاس و سبکهای تدریس معلمان براساس برخی ویژگیهای جمعیت‌شناختی و شغلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی- دانشگاه شهید مدنی اذربایجان-، تبریز، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی تربیتی، شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ابران

چکیده

هدف: این پژوهش، بررسی تفاوت انگیزش شغلی، سبکهای مدیریت کلاس و سبکهای تدریس معلمان مرد و زن شاغل در مقاطع راهنمایی و متوسطه است.
روش: جامعة آماری پژوهش، کلیة معلمان شاغل در دو شهرستان پاوه و جوانرود بود؛ که از میان آنها تعداد 300 نفر (210 مرد، 90 زن) با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند.  پژوهش، توصیفی بوده و داده‌ها به کمک سه پرسشنامة انگیزش شغلی هرزبرگ (1960)، سبکهای مدیریت کلاس درس مبتنی بر نظریة فرنچ و راون (1960) و سبک تدریس پراشینگ (2002) جمع‌آوری گردید. در تجزیه و تحلیل دادهها، از روشهای آمار توصیفی و روشهای آمار استنباطی شامل تحلیل واریانس تک‌متغیری و چندمتغیری و آزمون t برای گروههای مستقل استفاده گردید.
یافتهها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که بین معلمان در متغیرهای اقتدار تشویقی و سبک تدریس براساس جنسیت تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود دارد. همچنین بین مؤلفههای موفقیت، قدردانی، ماهیت، پیشرفت، روابط، امنیت، حقوق و سبک تدریس سنتی معلمان، در دو مقطع تحصیلی راهنمایی و متوسطه تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. در بعد دیگری از نتایج، در متغیرهای اقتدار قانونی، اقتدار تشویقی، اقتدار تنبیهی و اقتدار مرجع در معلمان دارای سوابق کاری مختلف، و در میانگین نمرات قدردانی، سرپرست، اقتدار تنبیهی و سبک انعطاف‌پذیر براساس مدارک تحصیلی معلمان، تفاوتهای معنی‌دار وجود دارد. همچنین مشخص گردید که میان مؤلفههای قدردانی، حقوق و اقتدار تنبیهی براساس محل خدمت معلمان نیز تفاوتهای معنی‌داری وجود دارد.

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